Cloud, video, tablets are redefining networks: Bob Muglia [Bangalore] [Times of India]
(Times of India Via Acquire Media NewsEdge) After 23 years with Microsoft, Bob Muglia resigned last year as head of its $15-billion server and tools business and joined networking company Juniper. Juniper, founded in 1995 by Pradeep Sindhu, an Indian-origin technology visionary, is today a $4.5 billion revenue company. Muglia oversees its entire software strategy, something that's becoming increasingly important in a segment where hardware (boxes such as routers and switches) was traditionally the focus. Muglia was recently in Bangalore, where Juniper has a major R&D centre, and spoke to TOI:
Software defined networking (SDN) is seen to be one of the next big things in enterprise IT. Can you explain that
It's a major transformation in the networking industry. Networks today involve a lot of manual effort to configure and manage, and the tools we have to do that are not as sophisticated as they need to be to develop the next generation of cloud based systems. SDN is the transformation of the network through software to enable it to fit into the next generation cloud environment. Instead of having to manually manage each network box individually, you can have a centralized management system that can manage all those boxes in one way.
What are other major trends in networking
One is the demand for faster and faster networks. I think India is poised to see over the next couple of years broad LTE (or 4G) deployments and that'll be very important in terms of reaching consumers and their homes due to lack of proper wired infrastructure. When that happens, there will be a lot more data that'll be consumed.
The other dimension is the opportunity for software to build more and more network services. This will be very important as video streaming becomes common. A stunning statistic I got when talking with some Microsoft guys is that 25% of all international phone-calls are now done over Skype. It shows how rapidly the world is changing in regards to people communicating. So today, it is really all about the increasing need for networking and much more sophisticated services being built on top.
We hear mobile devices combined with video is creating a lot of network congestion even in the US.
Netflix (which offers movies and TV shows online) is driving massive amounts of bandwidth usage into homes and we are seeing more and more broadcast video being consumed by people through cable, satellite and a plethora of digital devices. Tablets have become a major driver of that, allowing people to consume information wherever they may be.
How do you address that
The thing about wireless is that when the universe was created, there was only so much spectrum. You can't change that and so each generation of radio technology used spectrum a bit more efficiently, but the consumption has gone up faster than what's available. The only solution ultimately is to have many more (smaller) cell towers covering smaller sites. Another option is a combination of LTE with Wi-Fi so that when you are in a building or a coffee shop you'll automatically switch over to Wi-Fi.
Is the India centre involved in SDN and other software work
The India centre is at the centre of the work we are doing in these things. We have half our resources here. Even in Sunnyvale (Juniper headquarters), our workforce is 40% from India. In software, the Indian talent is as good as anywhere else.
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